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Three Most Important Cannabinoids in Marijuana

We all know that cannabinoids are essential compounds that give cannabis its appreciated medicinal and recreational properties. But, what are the most common, and how do they affect our body? Read on to learn about this by doctors that provide 420 Med Evaluations in Orange County.

What are cannabinoids?

The term cannabinoid refers to a group of more than 100 different chemical compounds that interact with the cannabinoid receptors of the human body. They are substances that give marijuana its distinctive medicinal and recreational properties.

When we consume cannabis, whether smoked, vaporized, or ingested, the plant’s cannabinoids activate specific receptors located throughout our body and our brain. These receptors are part of our endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for producing endocannabinoids naturally in the body. Also, it is responsible for mediating physiological processes such as appetite, feeling of pain, mood, or memory. 

Here are the top three cannabinoids present in marijuana.


THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is probably the best-known cannabinoid in cannabis. It is a psychoactive compound and responsible for the characteristic “high” so appreciated by recreational consumers. When absorbed by the body, THC usually induces a strong sense of joy, relaxation, euphoria, and numbness. New research has also revealed that THC could have various medicinal applications. For instance, several studies indicate that it could help in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), glaucoma, insomnia, and chronic pain. 

But one of the biggest concerns about the consumption of THC for medicinal purposes is the fact that it produces effects that vary according to the individual. While it can make a person feel sleepy and relaxed, it can make another person feel restless, nervous, and anxious. Science is not very clear about the causes of these imbalances; It could be the individual chemistry of our bodies or the different concentrations of THC.


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THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarín, is a cannabinoid that has begun to be news recently. It is a psychoactive compound known to induce a clear and stimulating brain effect. It is a psychotropic cannabinoid produced by cannabis plants, sometimes in vast quantities. Some Asian varieties of cannabis such as India, China, Nepal, Thailand, and Afghanistan, have THCV concentrations of more than 50%.

Although it has not been investigated as much as other cannabinoids (such as CBD and THC), science believes that THCV has great medicinal potential. Studies show that it could help regulate blood sugar levels and, therefore, is beneficial for the treatment of diabetes. Plus, it is also advantageous in treating anxiety and reducing Alzheimer’s tremors. 

Interestingly, THCV works as an appetite suppressant, which has led some experts to believe that it could also help with weight loss. Moreover, THCV also stimulates bone growth. So, it could be useful in the treatment of osteoporosis and other bone diseases. Unfortunately, many of the varieties available for both recreational and medicinal consumption, barely contain THCV. Due to this, the properties or effects of this cannabinoid is challenging to highlight.


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CBD, or cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid that has become famous for its medicinal properties. Cannabidiol is usually in higher concentrations in hemp and in a few varieties of medicinal cannabis. These varieties are specially developed to extract CBD. However, most varieties grown for recreational consumption tend to be abundant in THC and only contain small amounts of CBD. 

Almost all the buzz surrounding medical marijuana is because of CBD. It has proven effective in treating a wide variety of disorders, including anxiety, nausea, and chronic neuropathic or inflammatory pain. CBD, unlike THC, is not a psychoactive compound, which means it does not produce a high.

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