An experienced cannabis grower knows that the route to getting a high yield cannabis production isn’t as straightforward as it might seem. Even if you are using high-quality seeds from the market and growing from scratch, there are a lot of factors that play a role in the optimum growth of your batch.
For a novice grower, it could be a matter of confusion, if which procedure to opt for, to begin with.
Have you heard about cannabis cloning?
Cloning seems to provide a reliable solution to produce a batch of genetically rich cannabis plants. It is basically producing a genetic copy of the mother plant. As soon as you are handpicking the mother plant from a reputed breeder, cloning is a safe way to grow plants with stable genetics.
It also intercepts the risk of growing male cannabis plants which are generally characterized by poor yield, potency, and obnoxious smell.
This is even beneficial if you are a medicinal user of the herb, as you need cannabis more suited to your condition. Picking up a mother plant having a cannabinoid composition similar to your requirement could save your trips to a dispensary. Your 420 evaluations could help you recognize the kind of cannabis that could be helpful in your condition.
What is Cloning, And How to Clone?
Cloning as the name suggests involves copying another plant to obtain a similar one. Copying here concerns to duplicating the genetic properties of the original plant.
In brief, it involves cutting a small part of the mother plant and putting it in a growing medium, such as a pot with grounding soil in it. Now, wait for the plant to grow and when it does you can multiply it to obtain the plant with the same genetic composition.
However, to do it right, you need to be more cautious and follow a few steps.
Before we get on to that. Let us have a look at a few other sections related to cloning.
Why would you Clone Cannabis?
Cloning is not the only way to grow cannabis. In fact, most of the local growers use cannabis seeds to cultivate cannabis, which is a more feasible option.
Although growing cannabis using seeds have its drawbacks. Seeds are a result of sexual reproduction among plants and just like humans, every seed from a cannabis plant is unique. This increases the chances of randomness in the yield.
Through cloning, you can make sure that your plants will have the same genetics as the mother plant. This is a great way to produce the highest quality and unified product.
This is a common method among commercial growers.
If you are growing cannabis at home and got a good harvest or your cannabis is producing the desired effect, you can consider cloning your plant. This will help you achieve the same results each time.
Furthermore, most of the home growers get their supplies from the market and spend a lot of money on seeds. Cloning could help you save some money and is an economical option.
8 Steps to Cloning Your Cannabis
Cloning is not a complicated process as the name might suggest, although you need to follow these steps to do it right,
Things You need:
- A healthy mother plant
- A pair of scissors or a sharp razor
- A disinfectant for the tools
- Cloning gel or powder
- Low-intensity light
Check if The Parent Plant is Ready
Firstly you need to check if your parent plant is ready for cloning. Look out for branches, if they are growing alternatively. If the branches are developing from a single spot, it is a sign that the plant isn’t ready for cloning and is too young now.
Clean Your Tools Well
Plants are sensitive to micro-organisms. Make sure that you are using sanitized tools while operating and always cut your clones in a clean environment to avoid infections.
Dip Your Starter Cubes
Starter cubes provide your clones to grow in a sterile medium which is great for initiating faster rooting. It is a good idea to soak them in water before using, as some of the cubes have a high PH level, and dipping them in water balances it, which is optimal for plant growth. They are also loaded with fertilizers that stimulate the growth and retain plants of oxygen, which is good for rapid root growth.
Once you are set with your starter cubes and tools, it’s time to cut the clones. The best place to cut your plant is from where a new branch is coming out. Cutting from one or two nodes below the top is a good idea. Also, make sure you are cutting 10-20 cms of the branch. Taking a piece from the bottom or near the root is also good, as it could result in faster root growth in the clones.
Scrape or gently split the lower part of the cutting so that more insides are exposed, giving more surface areas for roots to grow.
Place The Cutting in the Water
To avoid the air bubbles from entering the pores of the cuttings, you can immerse them in water for some time.
Get Rid of The Extra Leaves
Cut if you find any extra or big leaves in your cuttings. Leaves in your cuttings would consume energy for photosynthesis, which at this point they could utilize in generating new roots.
Seal The Cuts For a Better Root Growth
To pace up the root growth you can use cloning gel or powder, these products help the plants to grow faster. You can just immerse the whole cutting into gel or powder before putting them in starter cubes.
Although both the options work well, cloning powder tends to have a slightly better response over cloning gel, in the growth of the roots.
Place The Cuttings in The Starter Cubes
After going through all the above steps your can place your clones into the starter cubes and make sure that they are sealed from the sides.
Care For Your Clones
The optimal temperature for your clone is slightly above the room temperature. Initially, you do need to expose these cutes to light for about two days but, after a couple of days, your clones would need light to grow.
You can use a low-intensity grow light for about 18 hours a day and 6 hours off. Dark period is equally important as this the time when most roots grow.
When your roots start coming out, you can transplant your clone.
You can try this process with your batch, to get a closer view on the procedure, you can also apply for a grower’s license to take this up a notch.